Marsha; you'd like a larger / taller tree in place of your young crab (baby) that didn't make it? I've been told that if you plant any rootstock deeper than the graft union - it will root; resulting in a 'Standard' - or full-sized apple tree. â€¦I'd actually mounded up the surrounding clay soil
around one of my trees with hopes it would
root -- but haven't dug around it to find out... ...If you were to plant the graft union of one of your new M9's 5 or 6 inches below the soil line, it would become as big a tree as you let it â€¦ or so I'm told.
As far as 'harvesting' buds from your newly grafted apples: you need mature buds
for budding, those would be furthest 'down' the new shoots of this years growth. As you'd 'top' the terminal buds on those new shoots to create a branched (vase shaped
) tree, you'd need your mature buds to form those branches (next season). You also have to gouge
out, or carve
off a bud from a 'bud stick;' in this case you'd be carving into and making a serious wound on the 'trunk' of your young tree
Though I've not Budded (bud-grafted) either, I know the HOS holds a "Budding Workshop
" at our Arboretum
, I believe it's in August. The great thing is - I suspect - you've got buds from every variety in the Arboretum
to choose from! And in this case, you'd be carving them off the very 'water shoots' that would be removed by pruning - therefore not harming the trees.
Now I'm a bit confused as to what you'd be putting them on... but I hope this is a start