October

  • Keep harvesting, watering if needed and cleaning up
  • Collect and destroy fruit drops daily
  • Rake up and compost leaves
  • Plant, by broadcasting, winter cover crops in any empty space; reduces weeds by outgrowing, reduces soil erosion and compaction, adds organic matter, plant per 100 square feet, 3 lbs Austrian peas, or 3 lbs. Fava beans, or 1 lb. alfalfa, or 1 lb crimson clover, or 1.5 lbs vetch or 2-3 lbs annual winter rye before fall rains start
  • Spray cherries, peaches and nectarines for Coryneum blight with copper
  • Record harvest dates
  • Record frost date
  • If you had bad disease problems this year apply another spray of copper with horticulture oil for insects, before heavy autumn rains begin
  • After final harvest of ever-bearing raspberries, cut canes to ground
  • Train next year’s blackberry and spring-bearing raspberries on supports
  • Prepare straw bed for peas and early potatoes (i.e., turn soil, cover with straw)
  • Apply 3-4 lbs dolomite lime per 100 square feet to lawns and vegetable beds every 3 to 4 years
  • Thatch lawns if needed (if you use organic fertilizers you will never need to thatch again)
  • Mulch strawberry and blueberry plants
  • Protect base (3-4 feet) of Hayward kiwi from early frost (they go dormant from the tip to the base)
  • Place mulch of manure or compost on asparagus and rhubarb