September

General Maintenance Of Gardens

  • Slug patrol; as the fall rains start the slugs will appear, each one you get rid of now will prevent about 100 in the winter and 200+ by next spring, corrugated cardboard placed glue side down is a good concentrator of slugs, check daily, place slugs in container of soapy water, after death add to compost pile
  • Mildew time: with higher humidities of August and September nights, powdery mildew as well as several other leaf spot diseases will appear, see August for control formula
  • Record harvest dates
  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs
  • As perennials stop flowering, you can transplant
  • Cuttings of broad–leaf and conifers can be rooted this month
  • Most evergreens can be transplanted with minimum loss, water in well
  • Plant, by broadcasting, winter cover crops in any empty space; reduces weeds by out- growing, reduces soil erosion and compaction, adds organic matter, plant per 100 square feet, 3 lbs Austrian peas, or 3 lbs. Fava beans, or 1 lb. alfalfa, or 1 lb crimson clover, or 1.5 lbs vetch or 2-3 lbs annual winter rye before fall rains start
  • Mulch winter beds with organic matter, turn under in spring
  • Start a compost pile if you do not have one
  • As fall approaches, leaves are sending nutrients back to stem and roots, they are weak, therefore, disease and pest prone, do not over-react
  • Apply fall lawn organic fertilizer application before fall rains

Plant Specific

  • Prepare bed for peas and potatoes using straw method (e.g., turn soil, do not break up clods, cover with 6″ straw)
  • Harvest potatoes when tops die back, if persistent, partially break stem at ground level
  • Harvest squash after frost, cut a two-inch stem on both sides of the squash stem, cure in warm room for 10 days, then store in cool area
  • Prepare fuchsias and geraniums for over wintering, cut back plants to edge of container and store in a dry area that will remain above freezing
  • Make cuttings from fuchsias and geraniums for new plants

Fruit Tree, General

  • Clean up fallen fruit twice weekly, destroy if wormy or diseased; do NOT place in compost pile

Fruit Tree, Specific

  • Destroy cardboard bands on apple and pear trees (used to trap codling moth larvae) when harvest is finished