General Maintenance Of Gardens

  • Good time to repair and build trellises, arbors and other plant supports
  • Control lawn moss with ferric sulfate
  • Need a soil test? Now is a good time, check out Soilfoodweb for organism counts, they are important for healthy soil

Plant Specific

  • Prune and train grapes in first week of February (will not “bleed”), make cuttings from one-year-old wood with a minimum of two nodes
  • Prune summer flowering shrubs such as butterfly bush, escallonia, hydrangea, and rose-of-Sharon, roses
  • Prune blueberries and currants
  • Plant perennials, rhubarb, asparagus, and horseradish
  • Start seeds 5-7 weeks before planting of cabbage, broccoli, collard, and kale
  • Start lettuce seeds 3-5 weeks before planting outdoors
  • If soil workable, direct-seed sweet alyssum, bachelor buttons, calendula, clarkia, godetia, sweet peas, snapdragons and California poppies
  • Plant garden peas

Fruit Tree, General

  • Plant bare-rooted fruit trees, berries, and roses if soil is not frozen, the earlier the better.
  • Prune fruit trees.
  • Clean up any plant residue, fallen fruit, dead branches, leaves, prevents disease.

Fruit Tree, Specific

  • First week of February, third spray (copper or sulfur) for peach leaf curl on peaches and nectarines (same as December), you may also use this spray on pears to control pear scab – NOT on apples, apple scab does not over winter on the tree
  • End of February first part of March – dormant oil spray to kill over wintering insect eggs on all fruit trees
  • Cherry; Coryneum blight, fixed copper 53%, 1 oz metallic copper/ gallon of water or Bordeaux mixture
  • Peach brown rot: plots treated with composted lawn clippings, tree prunings, and leaves showed no evidence of brown rot in two pickings in a row in 1994, brown rot affected 20 to 24% of fruit in adjacent research plots treated with manure composts and fertilizers at typical levels