Estimated Tree Vigor for Apple Varieties

Many factors enter into the equation to determine tree size: rootstock, soil fertility, growth habit, and vigor.


HOS has printed much information on rootstocks and this is readily available. Soil fertility is a variable that must be taken into consideration, but each growth site is different. Growth habit deals with growing upright or spreading, spur or tip fruit bearing. HOS has an expanded publication of spur and tip bearing apples. Keep in mind that a spur bearing fruiting habit is more dwarfing than a nonspur bearing fruiting habit. Vigor refers to the growth of the variety that has been grafted onto a size controlling rootstock.


Predicting vigor is a rough estimate on how large the tree will grow on a particular rootstock. Over the years I have adopted in my subconscious mind to automatically calculates plus or minus 10% to numbers.


I am adopting the symbols used in The Book of Apples by Joan Morgan and Alison Richards, published in association with the Brogdale Horticultural Trust, 1993.

T1: Weak vigor varieties

T2: Medium vigor varieties

T3: Very vigorous varieties


T1: weak vigor varieties may not be suitable for the most dwarfing rootstocks. The tree will just be too small to produce. While T2 medium vigor varieties (which are the most numerous) will be better suited to the more dwarfing rootstock. Next, the T3 very vigorous varieties are ideal for the more dwarfing rootstocks. When the data conflicted I choose the larger of the two, better to be surprised with a smaller tree than a larger one (e.g., Liberty).


I hope this listing will provide information for the rootstock choice that you have to make. It is but one of the determining factors in tree size.


Variety | Vigor


15 Welday Jonathon T2

19 Welday Jonathon T2

Abondance T2

Acklam Russet T2

Acme T2

Adams Pearmain T2

Adeersleber Calville T2

Adina, Stark T3

Admirable T1

Admiral T2

Advance T2

Akane T2

Akero T3

Alamata T3

Aldenham Blenheim T3

Alfriston T2

Alice T2

Allen’s Everlasting T1

Alexander T3

Alexis T2

Alkmene T2

All-Red Gravenstein T3

Alligton Pippin T3

Allington Pippin T2

Almata Crab T2

Almay T2

Alnarps Favourite T2

Alton T3

American Beauty T2

American Golden Russet T2

American Summer Pearmain T1

Ames T2

Amish Black T3

Ananas Reinette T2

Ananas Rouge T2

Angyal Dezso T2

Anisa T2

Anna T3

Anna Boelens T2

Annie Elizabeth T2

Annurca T2

Anoke T2

Antonovka T3

Antonovka ZheltaiaT3

Aori T2

Api (Lady) T1

Api Noir T1

Api Rose T2

Apple Babe T1

Arctic T2

Ard Cairn Russet T2

Arditi T2

Arkansas T3

Arkansas Black, Compspur T3

Arkansas Black, Spur T2

ArkCharm T3

Arlet (Swiss Gourmet) T2

Aroma T2

Aromatic Russet T2

Arthur Turner T3

Arthur W. Barnes T2

Ascot T2

Ashdown Seedling T2

Ashmead’s Kernel T2

Astillisch T2

Astrachan T2

Astrachan, Honeydew White T3

Astrachan, Red T3

Astrachan, White T3

Atalanda T3

Atlas T3

Atwood Spur T2

Auralia T2

Autumn Arctic T2

Autumn Gold T2

Autumn Pearmain T2

Autumn Streaked T2

Baker Sweet T2

Baker’s Delicious T2

Balder T2

Baldwin T3

Baldwin, Double Red T3

Ballarat Seedling T2

Ballard Beauty T2

Ball’s Pippin T3

Bancroft T3

Banns T3

BŠnziger T3

Barchard’s Seedling T2

Barkley Red Rome T2

Barnack Beauty T2

Barnack Beauty Sport T2

Barnack Orange T2

Barnhill Pippin T2

Baron Wolsely (Dewdney’s Seedling) T3

Baron Wood T3

Barraude T2

BarrŽ T2

Barry T3

Bascombe Mystery T2

Bastien T2

Battleford T2

Batul-Alma T3

Baukro T2

Bauline T2

Baumann’s Reinette T2

Baxter T1

Baxters Pearmain T2

Beacon T2

Beauchamwell T2

Beautiful Arcade T2

Beauty of Bath T3

Beauty of Bedford T3

Beauty of Blackmoor T2

Beauty of Hants T3

Beauty of Kent T2

Beauty of Moray T2

Beauty of Stoke T2

Bedford Red T2

Bedfordshire Foundling T2

Bedminster Pippin T2

Bedwyn Beauty T2

Beeley Pippin T2

Beforest T3

Belfleur Kitaika T2

Belfleur Krasnyi T3

Bellaqueeny T2

Belle de Boskoop T3

Belle de Magny T2

Belledge Pippin T3

Belle Flavois T2

Belle-Fille Normande T

Belvior Seedling T2

Ben Davis T2

Benenden Early T2

BŽnŽdiction T3

Beni Shogun T2

Benoni T3

Benseman’s Seedling T1

Ben’s Red T

Berner Rosen T2

Bess Pool T3

Bethel T2

Betsey T1

BeurriŽre T2

Bevan’s Favorite T3

Beverly Hills T2

Bisbee Red Delicious T2 (origin: Hood River, OR)

Bismark T2

Black Ben T2

Black David T2

Black Gilliflower T2

Black McIntosh T2

Black Mickey T2 (McIntosh)

Black Twig T2 (Winesap seedling)

Blackjon T2

Blackmack T2

Blairmount T2

Blanc Dur (Orne) T2

Blaxtayman T2

Bledisloe Cox T2

Blemheim Orange T3

Blenheim Red T3

Bloody Plowman T3

Blue Pearmain T2

Blushing Golden T2

Blutroton T3

Bodil Neergaard T3

Bohnapfel T3


Bondon T3

Bonnie Hotture T1

Bolero T2

Bonnet de Comte T2

Bonnet CarrŽ T1

Bonum T2

Bosbury Pippin T3

Bottle Greening T2

Bountiful T2

Bouet T3

Bovey T2

Box Apple T2

Brabant Bellefleur de T3

Braeburn T2

Braeburn, Hillwell Strain T2

Breakey T3

Breakwell’s Seedling T3

Braintree Seedling T2

Bramley’s Seedling T3

Brightmac T2

Brighton T2

Britegold T1

Brookes’s T2

Bonum T2

Boucasse de BrŽs T3

Bouet T3

Bowden’s Seedling T3

Breedon Pippin T3

Breitling T3

Bridgewater Pippin T3

Brock T3

Brown Croften T3

Brownlees’ Russet T2

Burchardt’s Reinette T2

Burgess Seedling T3

Burgundy T2

Cabusse T3

Cacanska Pozna T3

Calville Blanc D’Hiver T1

Calville de DouŽ T3

Calville de Maussion T3

Calville des Parairies T2

Calville Rouge du d’Hiver T2

Calville Rouge d’Automne T3

Calville Rouge du Mont d’Or T2

Cambusnethan Pippin T1

Cameoª T2

Canada Red T2

Cannon Pearmain T3

Canvada T1

Captain Kidd T2

Caravel T2

Cardinal T2

Carlton T2

Carmignole MusquŽe T1

Carnet T1

Carola T1

Caroline T2

Carroll T1

Carswell’s Honeydew T1

Carswell’s Orange T2

Cartaut T1

Carter’s Pearmain T2

Case Wealthy T1

Charlot T2

Catshead T2

Cellini T2

Centennial Crab T1

Celt T2

Chad’s Favourite T2

Chailleux T2

Champlain T3

Chantecler T2

Charles Ross T2

Chaux T2

Chautauqua T2

Chaxhill Red T3

Chedder T2

Cheddar Cross T2

Chehalis T2

Chelan Red T2

Chenago Strawberry T2

Cherry Cox T2

Chehalis T2

Chestnut Crab T3

Chesapeake T2

Chieftain T2

Chiver’s Delight T2

Christmas Permain T2

Chisel Jersey T3

Cig‡ny Alma T3

Cinnamon Spice T2

Ciodo T2

Cissy T2

CissteckŽ T2

Citron d’Hiver T2

Clarinette T3

Classic Red Delicious T2

Clayton Pearmain T2

Cleeve T2

Clemens T3

Climax T2

Clivia T2

Cloden T2

Clopton Red T2

Close T3

Cockle Pippin T2

Coe’s Golden Drop T2

Collet T3

Colonel Vaughan T2

Colonel Yate T2

Colwall Quoining T2

Commercio T2

Comrade T2

Conkle Jonathan T2

Cockett’s Red T1

Colapuy T3

Co-op 36 T2

Coos River Beauty T2

Coquette T3

Coquette d’Auvergne T1

Corail T2

Coromandel Red T2

Cornish Aromatic T3

Cornish Gilliflower T3

Cornish Honeypin T3

Cornish Pine T3

Corolca T3

Coronation T3

Cortagold T2

Cortland T2

Cortland, Early T2

Coul Blush T3

Court of Wick T3

Court Pendu Plat (Rouge) T2

Court Pendu Rose.T1

Court Royal T3

Cox Red Sport (Potter) T2

Cox Red Sport (Vinson) T2

Cox Rouge des Flandrs T2Cox’s Early Sport T2

Cox’s Orange Pippin T2

Cox’s Orange Pippin (Self Fert) T1

Cox’s Orange Pippin Spur Type T2

Cox’s Pomona T2

Coxstone T2

Crandall T2

Crawley Beauty T2

Crawley Reinette T2

Crimson Beauty T3

Crimson Beauty of Bath T3

Crimson Beauty of Bath (LARS) T3

Crimson Brilliant T3

Crimson Cox T2

Crimson Gravenstein T3

Crimson Grieve T2

Crimson King T2

Crimson Peasgood T2

Crimson Queening T1

Crimson Spy T2

Crimson Superb T3

Crispin (Mustu) T3

Crispin Spur Type T3

Criterion T2

Criterion; Par-Fect Spur T1

Crookston T3

Crow Egg (Raven Egg) T3

Crowngold T3

Curl Tail T3

Cutler Grieve T1

D’Arcy Spice T2

D’Eylau T2

Dabinett T1

Dakota T2

Dalice T2

Daliest Elistra T2

Daliter Elton T2

Danziger Kantapfel T1

Dawn T2

Davey T1

Dayton T3

De Cave T3

De Casse T2

De Flandre T2

De L’ester T1

De Quint T2

Decio T1

Delawine T3

Delbard T2

Delcon T1

Delcrof T2

Delectible T2

Delgollune T2

Delicious, Red T2

Deljeni T1

Delprim T3

Demir (Crab) T2

Democrat T2

Delnimb T1

Derman Delicious T2

Derman McIntosh T2

Derman Winesap T2

Desseffy Ariszid T2

Detroit Red T2

Devon Crimson Queen T2

Devonshire Buckland T3

Diamond Jubilee T3

Diana T2

Diana Spur T2

Dillington Beaquty T2

Directeur Lesage T2

Directeur Van De Plassche T2

Discovery T2

Discovery Spur T2

Domnese T3

Dorset Golden T3

Doctor T2

Doctor Harvey T2

Dolgo Crab T1

Double Rose T2

Doud Golden Delicious T2

Dougherty T1

Dovenshire Quarrenden T1

Downton Pippin T2

Drap D’Or T3

Dredge’s Fame T2

Duchess T3

Duchess of Bedford T2

Duchess of Gloucester T2

Duchess of Oldenburg T2

Duchess’s Favourite T2

Duck’s Bill T2

Dudley T2

DuŽgne T2

Dugamel T2

Dulcet T3

Duk‡t T2

Duk‡t Spur T2

Duke of Devenshire T2

Dunn’s Seedling T2

Dunning T2

Durello T2

Dutch Codlin T2

Dutch Mignonne T2

Dzahir Nadri T2

Earlibrite T2

Earlidel T3

Earligold T2

Earlijon T2

Earlistripe T2

Early Dawn T3

Early Fuji T2

Early Granee T2

Early Harvest T2

Early Joe T1

Early Julyan T3

Early McIntosh T3

Early Spur Rome T2

Early Strawberry T2

Eastbourne Pippin T2

Easter Orange T2

Eccleston Pippin T2

Ed Gould Golden T2

Edelroter T2

Eden T2

Edgar T2

Edith Hopwood T2

Edmund Jupp T2

Edward VII T2

Edwards T3

Egremont Russet T2

Eight Square T2

Ein Shemur T2

Elan T2

Elektra T2

Elliot Spur T2

Ellison’s Orange T2

Elmore Pippin T2

Elstar T2

Elton Beauty T1

Emilia T3

Emneth Early T2

Emperor Alexander T3

Empire T2

Empire, Crown T2

Empress T2

Empress Spur T2

Encore T2

Endsleigh Beauty T3

English Beauty T3

Enterprise T3

Epicure T2

Epicurean T2


Erlijon T2

Ernst Bosch T1

Eros T2

Ervin Red T2

Erwin Baur T2

Esopus Spitzenburg T2

Estiva T1

Etlins Reinette T3

Etter’s Gold T2

Eustis T2

Evarts Red T2

Evereste T2

Exeter Cross T2

Exquisite T3

Extraordinaire T3

Fairy T2

Fairie Queen T1

Fall Harvey T3

Fall Pippin T2

Fall Red T2

Fall Russet T2

Fall Wine T2

Fallawater T3

Falstaff T2

Fameuse T2

Fantazja T2

Faros T2

Fearn’s Pippin T2

Feltham Beauty T2

Fenouillet Gris T2

Fenouillet Rouge T2

Feuillemorte T3

Feuillot T2

Fiesta T2

Filippa T3

Filjaune T2

Finasso T2

Fireside T2

Firmgold T3

First and Last T2

Fisher Fortune T2

Fish’s Pippin T1

Flame T1

Flamenco T1

Fletcher’s Prolific T3

Fleuritard T3

Fleuritard Rouge T1

Florence Bennet T2T2

Flower of the Town T3

Flower of Kent T2 (Isaac Newton’s Apple)

Forge T2

Forpear T3

Fortosh T3

Fortune T2

Forty Shilling T3

Foulden Pearmain T2

Foulkes’ Foremost T2

Foxwhelp T3 (Cider)

Fraise de Buhler T3

Franc Roseau T2

Franc-Bon-Pommier T2

Francatu T2

France Deliquet T2

Francis T2

Franklyn’s Golden Pippin T2

Frau Margarete Von Stosch T2

Frazier’s Spur T2

Fred Webb T2

Freedom T3

Freiherr Von Berlepsh T3

FrŽmy T3

Freyberg T1

Friandise T2

Friedrich der Grosse T2

Fromme Scab Resistant T3

Frydeland Cox T2

Fuji T2

Fukunishiki T3

Fukutami T2

Gala T2

Gala, Fulford T2

Gala Must T2

Gala; Red No 42 T2

Galarina T2

Galatine T3

Galeuse T2

Galloway Pippin T2

Galton T3

Gambafina T2

Ganjin T3

Garden Delicious T1

Garden Royal T3

Gardner T2

Garnet T1

Gascoyne’s Scarlet T3

Gavin T2

Geheimrat Doktor Oldenburg T1

Gene Pitney T2

Generva Black T2

Genet Moyle T3

Geneva Early T2

Geneva Ontario T2

George Carpenter T3

George Cave

George Nea T2

GewŸrzluiken T2

Giambun T2

Gian AndrŽ T1

Giant Geniton T2

Gibbon’s Russet T3

Gilliflower of Gloucester T2

Gilpin T3

Ginger Gold T2

Gipsy King T2

Gladstone T2

Glass Apple T3

Glebe Gold T2

Glenerchie T2

Glengyle Red T2

Glenton T2

Glogerovka T2

Glokensapfel T2

Gloria Mundi T2

Gloucester Cross T2

Gloucester Royal T2

Gold Medal T2

Gold Reinette T2

Gold Smith T3

Gold Spur T2

Gold Star T3

Golden Auvilspur T2

Golden Bittersweet T3

Golden Bounty T2

Golden Delicious T2

Golden Delicious T2 (many spur cultivars giving smaller trees)

Golden Harvey T3

Golden Knob T2

Golden Melon T2

Golden Monday T2

Golden Morspour T2

Golden Noble T2

Golden Nonpareil T3

Golden Nugget T2

Golden Pearmain T2

Golden Pippin T2

Golden Precoce T2

Golden Reinette T2

Golden Royal T2

Golden Russet T3

Golden Supreme T3

Golden Sweet T3

Goldensheen T2

Goldenspur T2

Goldilocks T1

Goldjon T1

Goldrush T2

Goodland T2

Gordon T3

Goro T3

Graine T2

Grange’s Pearmain T3

Granny Gifford T2

Granny Smith T2

Granny Smith, Compspur T2

Gravenstein T3

Gravenstein, Dark Red T3

Gravenstein, Washington Strain T3

Gravenstein Washington Red T2

Graue Herbstrenette T2

Greasy Pippin T2

Great Expectations T1

Green Custard T2

Green Harvey T2

Green Purnell T2

Green Roland T2

Green Sweet T2

Greensleves T1

Greeup’s Pippin T2

Grenadier T2

Grimes Golden T2

Groninger Kroon T2

Gronsvelder Klumpke T3

Gros Locard T3

Gros Paradis T2

Gros RŽau T2

Gros-Api T3

Gros-Papa T2

Gropsse Rouge T2

Grvena Lepogvetka T2

Guelph T2

Guldborg T2

Gustavs Dauerapfel T2

Gyllenkroks Astrakan T2

Gy-gyi Piros T2

Haggerstone Pippin T2

Hamilton T2

Hamvas Alma T2

Hannan Seedling T2

Haralred T1

Haralson T1

Haralson, Red T1

Harang Alma T2

Harberts Reinette T3

Harcourt T2

Harispur T2

Harold’s Large T3

Harrold Red T2

Harvey T2

Hatsuaki T3

Haughty’ Red T2

Hawaii T2

Hawkridge T2

Hawkeye T2

Hazen T2

Heimenhofer.T2Henery Clay T2

Hereferd Cross T3

Herma T2

Herring’s Pippin T2

Heyer #12 T2

Heubner T2

Heusgen’s Golden Reinette T2

Hi-early T2

Hi-Red T2

Hibb’s Seedling T2

High View Pippin T2

Hightop Sweet T3

Himekami T3

Histon Favourite T2

Hoary Morning T2

Hocking’s Green T2

Hoe T2

Hofingers Himbeerapfel T2

Hog’s Snout T2

Hohenzollern T3

Holiday T2

Holley T2


Holstein T3

Holstein Dr Schultz T3

Holstein Griemsmann I T3

Holstein Griemsmann II T3

Holstein Mahler T3

Holstein Palloks T3

HolsteinSport, NFT T3

Holstein Steinhausen T3

Hommel T2

Honey Pippin T2

Honeycrisp T2

Honeygold T2

Hood’s Supreme T2

Hoople’s Antique Gold T2

Hope Cottage Seedling T2

Horei T1

Horsford Prolific T2

Horsham Russet T3

Houblon T2

Houser Red T2

Howgate Wonder T3

Hubbar’s Pearmain T2

Hubbardston Nonsuch T2

Hudson’s Golden Gem T3

Hume T3

Hunt’s Early T3

Hunter Sandow T3

Huntsman T3

Hyde King T3

Idagold T2

Idajon T2

Idared T2

Idared, Marguis T2

Idared, Spur T2

Improved Red Johathan T2

Indo T2

Ingall’s Red T1

Ingol T2

Ingram T3

Ingrid Marie T2

Ingrid Marie, Spur T2

Irish Peach T3

Isaac Newton’s Tree T2

Isle of Wight Pippin T3

Ivette T2

Ivš T3

Iwakami T3

Jacquin T2

Jamba 69 T3

James Grieve T2

James Lawson T2

Jan Steen T3

Jean Tondeur T2

Jefferis T2

Jennifer T3

Jenniffer Wastie T2

Jersey Beauty T2

Jersey Black T3

Jerseymac T1

Jester T2

Joan T2

John Divers T2

John Downie T2 (Edible Crab)

John Huggett T2

John Standish T3

Johnson McIntosh T2

Jolyne T2

Jomured T3

Jonadel T2

Jonafree T3

JonafreeChehalis T3

Jonagold T2

Jonagold, De Coster T3

Jonagold, Nicobel T3

Jonagrimes T2

Jon‡ka T3

Jonalicious T2

Jonamac T2

Jonared T2

Jonathan T2

Jonathan (4N B) T2

Jonathan (4X A) T2

Jonathan Apex T2

Jonathan, Double Red T2

Jonica T2

Jonnee T3

Jored King T3

JosŽphine T3

Joybells T2

Joyce T2

Jubillee T3

Judaine T2

Judeline T2

Judor T2

Juliana T3

Juliet (Co-op 43) T2

July Red T2

July Tart T3

Jurella T2

Jupiter T3

Kaiser Wilhem T2

Kalco T2

Kandil Sinap T1

Kansas T2

Karmen T2

Karmijin de Sonnaville T3

Katja T3

Katy (Katja) T3

Keegan’s Crab T2

Keepsake T2

Kemp T3

Kendall T2

Kenneth T2

Kent T2

Kentucky Red Streak T2

Kerr T2 (Crab)

Kerry Pippin T2

Kestrel T2

Keswick Codlin T2

Kidd’s Orange Red T2

Kile T2

Kim T2

Kimball McIntosh T2

King (King of Tompkins County) T3

King Albert T2

King Byred T3

King Charles Pearmain T1

King Coffee T2

King Cole T2

King Cox T2

King David T3

King Jonagold T3

King George V T3

King Luscious T2

King of the Pippins T2

King (King of Tompkins County) T3

King Red Jonathan T2

King Russet T2

Kingjon T2

Kingston Black T3

King’s Acre Pippin T3

Kinkead Red Spy T2

Kinnard’s Choice T2

Kinrei T1

Kinsei T2

Kitakami T3

Kitchovka T1

Knobby Russet T2

Klunster T3

Kolocara T3

Kšningin Juliana T2

Korei T3

Korona T1

KortegŒrd Cox T2

Kosmonaut T1

La Gaillarde T3

La Nationale T3

Lady T1

Lady Henniker T3

Lady Lambourne T2

Lady of the Lake T2

Lady Sudeley T2

Lady Williams T2

Lady Sweet T2

Lady Williams T2

Lakeland T2

Lamb Abbey Pippin T2

Lamb’s Seedling T2

Lane’s Prince Albert T2

Lange’s Perfection T2

Lappio T3

Lawfam T3

Law Red Rome T2

Lawyer Nutmeg T2

Laxton’s Early Crimson T3

Laxton’s Favourite T3

Laxton’s Herald T2

Laxton’s Leader T2

Laxton’s Pearmain T2

Laxton’s Peerless T2

Laxton’s Reward T1

Laxton’s Royalty T2

Laxton’s Superb T3

Laxton’s Superb NFT Clone T3

Laxton’s Triumph T2

Laxton’s Victory T2

Leathercoat Russet T3

Legana T1

Lemoen T2

Lemon Pippin T2

Lemon Queen T1

Leonie de Sonnaville T2

Leslie T3

Levereing Linbertwig T3

Liberty T2

Lily Boxall T3

Limbertwing T3

Linda T2

Lindel T2

Lipton T2

Lobo T2

Lodi T3

Lodi, Compspur T2

Lodi, Stark T3

Lombart’s Calville T2

London Pearmain T2

London Pippin T2


Longstart T1

Loop Spy (tetrapoid of N Spy) T2

Lord Derby T3

Lord Hindlip T2

Lord Lambourne T2

Lord Lennox T2

Lord Rosebery T1

Lord Seedling T3

Lord Suffield T2

Lowland Rspberry T2

Lucombe’s Pine T3

Lucombe’s Seedling T1

Lundbytorp T3

Lurared T3

Lutz T2

Lynn’s Pippin T2

Lysgold T2

Maayan T1

Mabbott’s Pearmain T2

Macfree McIntosh T3

Macoun T3

Macy T2

Magnolia Gold T2

Mahe T2

Maid of Kent T2

Maiden Blush T2

Malling Kent T2

Maltster T2

Manitoba Spy T2

Mandan T2

Mantet T2

Mareda T2

Margaret T2

Margil T2

Maigold T3

Maypole T2

McIntosh T2

McIntosh, Compact T2

McIntosh, Compspur T2

McIntosh, Double Red T2

McIntosh, Marshall T2

McShay T3

McSweet T1

Marquesa T2

Marstar T2

Mary Barnett T2

Maxton T3

May Beauty T3

McLellan T2

Medina T3

Melba T2

Melba Crab T2

Megumi T1

Melon T1

Melred T3

Melrose T3 (or Medium Vigor)

Melrose, White T3

Meran T2

Mercer T3

Merigold T2

Merton Ace T3

Merton Beauty T2

Merton Charm T2

Merton Delight T2

Merton Joy T2

Merton Knave T2

Merton Pearmain T3

Merton Russet T3

Merton Worcester T2

Michelin T3 (Cider)

Milfor T3

Miller Sturdyspur T2

Miller’s Seedling T2

Millet T2

Millicent Barnes T2

Millicent Barnes Sport T2

Milton T3

Milwaukee T2

Mimi T2

Ming Shing T3

Minjon T2

Minnehaha T2

Minnesota Russet T2

Mio T3

Missing Link T2

Missouri T2

Moira T2

Mollie’s Delicious T2

Monarch T3

Monk’s Golden Pippin T1

Monmouth Beauty T3

Monroe T2

Morden 363 T3

Morgan Sweet T3

Morely’s Seedling T3

Morden Russet T3

Morspur T2

Morspur McIntosh T2

Mother T2

Mount Rainier T2

Mrs Barron T3

Mrs Phillimore T2

Murry T2

Nanny T3

Nancy Jackson T1

Nasona T2

Niedzwetzkyana T1

Neild’s Drooper T1

Nelson’s Favourite T1

Neue GoldparmŠne T3

New Bess Pool T3

New German T3

New Jonagold T3

Newport Cross T2

Newtosh T2

Newtown Pippin T2

Newton Spitzenburg T3

Newton Wonder T3

Niagara T3

Nico T2

Nicobel Jonagold T3

Nittany T3

Nonpareil T2

Nonsuch Park T2

Noran T3

Norcue T3

Norda T3

Noret T1

Norfolk Beauty T3

Norfolk Beefing T3

Norfolk Coledman T2

Norfolk Royal T2

Norfolk Royal Russet T2

Noris T2

Norland T1

Norman’s Pippin T1

Norson T2

Norhey T3

Northern Spy T3

Northland Seedling T2

Northwestern Greening T3

Nova Easygrow T3

Novamac T2

Novaspy T2

Nugget T2

Nured Jonathan T2

Nured Rome T2

Nutmeg Pippin T2

Oaken Pippin T2

Oberle T2

Odin T3

Ohio Nonpareil T2

Okanoma T2

Old Golden Russet T3

Old Pearmain T2

Old Summerset Russet T1

Oliver T3

Ontario T2

Ontario (4X 2-4-4) T2

Opal T2

Opalescent T2

Opetian T2

Orange Pippin T3

Orangenburg T2

Oranje de Sonnaville T2

Oregon Spur T2

Oreint T3

Orenco T2

Orin T2

Oriole T3

Orleans T2

Orleans Reinette T2

Ortley T1

Osennee Desertone T3

Osennee Polostaoe T3

Oslin T2

Owen Thomas T2

Oxford Beauty T2

Oxford Hoard T3

Ozark Gold T2


P. J. Bergius T3

Pacific Gold T2

Palouse T2

Paradiso T3


Pardise Sweet T3

Parkland T3

Parkman (smallest apple known) T1

Paroquet T1

Patricia T2

Patrick T2

Patten T2

Patterson T2

Patul T2

Paulared T2

Peacemaker T2

Pearl T1

Pear Apple T2

Peasgood Nonsuch T2

Peck’s Pleasant T2

Pedro T2

Perleberg T2

Perrine Yellow Trnsparent T2

Perrine York T2

Peter Lock T3

Pettinghill T3

Pewaukee T2

Philadelphia T2

Pierre T2

Pigeonne T3

Pig’s Nose Pippin T2

Pine Apple Russet T2

Pine Apple Russet of Devon T1

Pine Golden Pippin T1

Pink Lady (Australia) T3

Pink Lady (Canada) T2

Pink Pearl T2

Pink Pearl (Canada) T1

Pinova (Clivia) T2

Pioneer T2

Pitmaston Pine Apple T2

Pixie T2

Pixie Red Sport T2

Plymouth Cross T2

Poelman’s Rode James Grieve T2

Polka T2

Polly T3

Polly Prosser T2

Pomeroy T2

Pomme ‡ Cotes T2

Pomme Crotte T2

Pomme d’Amour T2

Pomme d’Enfer T2

Pomme du Viez T2

Pome Noire T2

Port Allen Russet T3

Porter T2


Potter Cox T3

Prairie Spy T2

Present Van Holland T1

President Boudewijn T1

Prima T3

Primate T3

Prime Gold T2

Primicia T2

Primrouge T3

Primus T2

Prince Alford T2

Prince Charming T1

Prince Charles T3

Prince Edward T2

Prince Nicolas T3

Prins Bernard T2

Prinses Irene T1

Prinses Maarijke T1

Prinses Margariet T2

Prinz Albrecht Von Preussen T1

Prinzen Apfel T2

Priol’s Delicious T1

Pristineª T2

Priscilla T2

Puffin T3

Pumpkin Sweet T3

Puregold T3

Queen T2

Queen Cox T2

Queen Cox (Maclean) T2

Queenby’s Glory T2

Quindell T1

Quinte T3

Radient T2

Radoux T3

Rajka T2

Ralls Janet T2

Rambo, Summer T3

Ramour T2

Ranger T2

Raritan T2

Red Army T2

Red Astrachan T3

Red Baron T2

Red Beauty of Bath T3

Red Beboni T2

Red Bell de Boskoopv

Red Blenheim (Passey) T3

Red Blenheim (Wastie) T3

Red Charles Ross T2

Red Dijmanszoet T3

Red Dougherty T1

Red Dutchess of Oldenburg T2

Red Ellison T2

Red Elstar T2

Red Famuse T2

Red Flesh T1

Red Fortune T2

Red Fuji T2

Red George Cave T2

Red Gold T3

Red Granny Smith T2

Red Hook T3

Red Ingrid Marie T2

Red James Grieve T2

Red Jonagold (Highwood) T3

Red Jonathan T2

Red June T2

Red King T2

Red Martini T1

Red Melba T2

Red Miller’s Seedling T2

Red Prince T2

Red Queen T2

Red Rome Australia T2

Red Rome Beauty T2

Red Sauce T2

Red Splendor T2

Red Spur T2

Red Stayman T3

Red Superb T3

Red Sudeley T2

Red Transparent T2

Redcoat Grieve T2

Redcoat Grieve Spur T2

Redcort T2

Redford T2

Redfree T3

Redgold T2

Redhill Sops of Wine T3

Redmax McIntosh T2

Redsleeves T2

Redstart T2

Redwell T2

Redwing T2

Regent T2

Reine des Reinettes Rouge T2

Reinette Clochard T2

Reinette Coulon T2

Reinette d’Amorique T3

Reinette d’Anjou T2

Reinette d’Autome T2

Reinette de Brucbrucks T3

Reinette de France T2

Reinette de Granville T3

Reinette de Luca T2

Reinette de Macon T2

Reinette de Maurs T2

Reinette du Canada T3

Reinette du Vigan T1

Reinette Favalle

Reinette Grise T2

Reinette Grise de Saintonge T2

Reinette Grise du Canada

Reinette MabrŽe T2

Reinette RanchŽe T2

Reinette Rouge ƒtoilŽe

Reinette Simirenko T2

Reinette Van Berk’s T2

Reinette Russetª T2

Releika T2

Renown T2

Resi T1

Reverend W. Wilkes T1

Rhode Island Greening

Rhode Island Greening (tetraploid)

Ribston Pippin T2

Richard Delicious T2 (Red Del. type)

Richardson (Ashworth) T3

Richardson (Tomalin) T1

Richelieu T2

Rival T2

Roanoke T2

Robin Pippin T2

Robinson T3

Rode Wagenaar T2

Rogers McIntosh T2

Rokewood T1

Rome Beauty T2

Rome Beauty, Compspur T2

Rome Beauty, Spuree T2

Rome Beauty, Taylor Strain T2

Rosamund T2

Rosanne T2

Rose Bud T3

Rose Double T2

Rose Rouge T2

Rosebrook Gravenstein T3

Rosemary Russet T2

Ross Nonpareil T2

Rosy Blenheim T2

Rote GoldparmŠne T2

Roter Ananas T2

Rough Pippin T2

Rouville T3

Roxbury Russet T2

Royal Gala T2

Royal Jubilee T1

Royal Red T2 (Red Del. type)

Royality T2

Rubens T3

Rubin T2

Rubinette T3

Rubinstar T3 (Sport of Jonagold)

Ruby (Seabrook) T2

Ruby (Thorrington) T3

Ruby Red Rome T2

Russset Lambourne T2

Russet Superb T3

Ryan Red (Red Del. type) T2

Saint Ailred T2

Saint Albins Pippin T2

Saint Cecilia T3

Saint Edmund’s Pippin T2

Saint Edmund’s Russet T3

Saint Everard T2

Saint Francis T2

Saint Lawrence T2

Saint Martin’s (Balckman) T2

Salome T2

Saltcote Pippin T3

Sam Young T2

Sampion T2

Sandew T3

Sandow T3

Sandringham T2

Sansa T1

Sanspareil T2

Saratoga T3

Sayaka T3

Scarlet T2

Scarlet Crofton T2

Scarelt Gala T2

Scarlet Gravenstein T3

Scarelt Nonpareil T2

Scarlet O’Haraª T2

Scarlet Pearmain T2

Scarlet Staymared T3

Schurapfel T1

Schweizer Orange T1

Schweizer Orangenapfel T2

Scotia T2

Scott Winter T3

Seabrook’s Red T2

Sekai Ichi T3

Sensacion T2

Senshu T2

September Beauty T2

Septer T1

Sierra Beauty T2

Smiler T1

Shakespeare T2

Shamrock T2

Sharon T2

Shaw Ribston T2

Sheep’s Nose T2

Shenandoah T2

Shiawassee T3

Shin Indo T3

Shinko T3

Shinsei T3

Shizuka T3

Singe Tillisch T2

Silva T2

Simon’s Russet T2

Sinta T2

Sipolins T2

Sir Prize T3

Skinlite T2

Skinner’s Seedling T3

Skyline Supreme T2

Smokehouse T3

Smoothee T2

Smoothgold T2

Snšvit T3

Snow T2

Somerset Of Maine T3

Sops of Wine T3

South Park T2

Spartan T2

Spartan 4N No 3 (tetrapoid) T2

Spartan 4N Scotland (tetrapoid) T2

Spartan 4N Sweden (tetrapoid) T2

Spartan Compact T2

Spencer T2

Spigold T3

Spijon T2

Spitzenburg T2

Spiza T2

Splendour T2

Spokane Beauty T3

Spur Red Rome Beauty T2

Spuree Rome Beauty T2

Spy Double Red T2

Stahls Prinz T2

Stamford Pippin T2

Star of Devon T2

Stark T2

Stark Blushing Golden T2

Stark Earliblaze T2

Stark Summer Treat T3

Stark’s Earliest (Scarlet Pimpernel) T2

Stark’s Late Delicious T2

Starkey T2

Starking T2

Starkcrimson Delicious T2

Starkspur Arkansas Black T3

Starkspur Cortland T2

Starkspur Golden Delicious T2

Starkspur Granny Smith T2

Starkspur McIntosh T2

Starkspur Red T2 (Red Del. type)

Starr T2

State Fair T2

Staybrite T3

Stayman, Double Red T3

Stayman (Stayman Winesap) T2

Staymared, Dark Red T3

Satyman’s Winesap T3

Stearns T3

Sterling T2

Sterling Castle T1

Stevenson Wealthy T1

Stonecrop T2

Stonehenge T2

Stonetosh T3

Stowell T3

Striped Beauty T2

Striped Beefing T2

Striped Early Cox Sport T2

Strumer Pippin T2

Stump T2

Sturmer T1

Subtropical Apple T2

Sudeten Reinette T2

Summer Blenheim T3

Summer Golden Pippin T3

Summer Mac T2

Summer Rambo T3

Summer Rose T2

Summerdel T2

Summerland T2

Summerland McIntosh T2

Summerred T2

Sunburn T1

Suncrisp T2

Sundale T2

Sundel T2

Sundance T2

Sundowner T3

Sunfuji T3

Sungold T1

Sunrise T2

Sunset T2

Sunset Sport T2

Suntan T3

Super Jon T2

Super Starking T2

Sure Crop T2

Surprise T3

Surprise Reinette T2

Swaar T3

Sweet Bough T2

Sweet Caroline T2

Sweet Coppin T2

Sweet Cornelly T2

Sweet Delicious T2

Sweet Ermgaard T2

Sweet Sixteen T2

Sweethart T2

Swiss Gourmet (Arlet) T2

Sylvia T2

Tangowine T3

Tasman Pride T2

Tauton Cross T3

Tawria T3

Tellina T2

Tellisaare T2

Telstar T2

Ten Commandments T2

Testerspur Golden delicious T2

Tetofsky T1

Texola T1

Thoday’s Quaarrenden T1

Thomas Jeffrey T2

Thomas Empire T2

Thorle Pippin T3

Tim’s Early T3

Tohoku 4 T3

Tolman Sweet T2

Tom Maclean T2

Tom Putt T3 (Crab)

Tommy Knight T2

Topred T2

Topsy T2

Transcendent Crab T3

Trebu T3

Trent T3

Tropical Beauty T2

Tumanga T2

Trusevitch I-48-41 T2

Tsugara T2

Turner T2

Twenty Ounce T2

Tydeman’s Early T2

Tydeman’s Early Spur T2

Tydeman’s Early Worcester T2

Tydeman’s Late Orange T3

Tydeman’s Michaelmas Red T1

Ultra Gala T2

Underleaf T2

Undine T2

Upton Pyne T2

Valnur Red Jonathan T2

Van Eseline T1

Vance (Red Del. type) T2

Vandevere T3

Vanmca T2

Venus Pippin T3

Verdona T2

Vernade T2

Victory (USA) T2

Viking T2

Vincent T2

Virginia Gold T2

Vista Bella T3

Voyager T2

Vystavochnoye T3

Wagener T1

Waltana T3

Waltz T2

Wang Young T2

Wanstall Pippin T2

Warden T2

Warner’s King T3

Washington Strawberry T1

Wayne T3

Wayside T2

Wealthy T1

Webster T1

Welcome T2

Wellington (USA) T2Bloomless T2 (no flower petals)

Wellspur Delicious T2 (Red Del. type)

Wemmershoek T3

Westfield Seek-No-Further T2

Westland T2

White Astrachan T3

White Melrose T2

White Transparent T2

White Winter Pearmain T2

Wickson Crab T3

Wijcik McIntosh T1

Wild Red T3

Wilhelm Ley T3

William Crump T3

William’s Pride T3

Willow Twig T3

Winchester T3

Winesap T2

Winston T2

Winter Banana T2

Winter Banana, Compspur T1

Winter Banana, Spur T1

Winter Lemon T2

Winter Majetin T3

Winter Marigold T2

Winter Pearmain T2

Winter Sweet Paradise T3

Winter QuarrendenWormsley Pippin T2

Wolf River T3

Worcester Cross T2

Worcester Pearmain T2

Wright T3

Wrixparent T3

Wyken Pippin T2

Wynooche Early T2

Yar Mohammadi T3

Yates T3

Yellow Bellflower T2

Yellow Delicious T2

Yellow Ingestrie T1

Yellow Newtown T3

Yellow Newtown Pippin T2

Yellow Transparent T3

Yellow Transparent, Perrine T2

Yellowspur T2 (Golden Del. Type)

York T2

York-A-Red T2

York Imperial T2

York, Perrine T2

York, Spur T1

Zabergau Renette T2

Zlatna Resistenta T3

Zestar T3

Zigeunerin T1

Zigeunerinapfel. T1

Zuccalmaglio T3